Adele is up for a total of six awards including three out of four 'general field' awards - the top categories at the annual ceremony. Foo Fighters also secured six nominations, but are only nominated in one general field category.
West is nominated in seven categories - four as a solo artist and three as part of The Throne, his collaboration with Jay-Z. He is effectively nominated against himself in both the 'Best Rap Song' and 'Best Rap Album' categories.
Mars - who revealed the list of nominations for 'Best New Artist' at Wednesday's (November 30) Grammy Nominations Concert - received the nod in six categories, including nominations for 'Record Of The Year', 'Album Of The Year' and 'Song Of The Year'.
Indie-folk artist Bon Iver - born Justin Vernon - picked up four nominations in total and will face country trio The Band Perry, J Cole, Nicki Minaj and dubstep artist Skrillex in the 'Best New Artist' category.
However, Vernon was overlooked for 'Album of the Year', which will be contested by Adele's 21, Mars's Doo-Wops and Hooligans, Wasting Light by Foo Fighters and Lady GaGa's Born This Way.
> Grammy Awards 2012: The major nominees
Elsewhere, Mumford & Sons receive four nominations including general field nominations for 'The Cave' in the 'Record Of The Year' and 'Song Of The Year' categories.
Minaj, Radiohead and Rihanna are each nominated in four categories, while Coldplay and Lady GaGa have each secured three nominations.
The nominees for 'Album Of The Year', 'Record Of The Year', 'Song Of The Year' and 'Best New Artist' were revealed live on CBS in a broadcast hosted by LL Cool J.
Lady GaGa opened the show with a performance of 'Marry the Night' and closed the show alongside Sugarland.
Footage from one of Rihanna's recent shows at The O2 was shown and The Band Perry, Usher and Jason Aldean were among those who also performed during the nominations concert.
The 54th Grammy Awards will be held at the Staples Centre in Los Angeles on February 12, 2012, airing at 8/7c on CBS.