The once-dominant operating system now accounts for just 2.4% of the market compared to 12.4% the previous year, according to figures from Kantar Worldpanel ComTech.
Apple's iPhone holds 28.7% of the market, up from 22.7% in 2011, but Google's Android operating system leads the way with 48.5%, rising from 37.8%.
Nokia is gradually phasing out its Symbian platform and shifting towards Microsoft's Windows Phone. However, the firm is still profiting from the ageing operating system in the developing work, and announced that its upcoming PureView 808 phone will be powered by it.
The Windows Phone platform showed the most significant proportional growth, surging from 0.5% to 2.5% to outperform Symbian. Nokia's Lumia 800 was the most popular handset running the Microsoft OS, accounting for 87% of sales.
"There are strong signs that WP7 Nokia handsets are starting to make an impact on the European smartphone market though US sales, where the Nokia brand is weaker, remain underwhelming," said Kanatr Worldpanel's Dominic Sunnebo.
"The fact that WP7 sales have overtaken Symbian based on one handset is encouraging; however, Nokia will need to expand the range quickly in order to keep up with the slew of next generation competitor products being launched in quarter two."
Symbian was the world's leading mobile operating system until it was eclipsed by Google's Android in November last year.
Watch an introductory video to the Nokia 808 PureView below: